LaTeX forum ⇒ BibTeX, biblatex and biberCapitalization of a reference title

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Capitalization of a reference title

Postby jjmm » Sat Jul 14, 2018 3:33 am


If I use bib file and bst file, is there any way
(1) to capitalize all words but the “short” conjunctions and prepositions, e.g., “and”, “or”, and “in”?
For example, I would like
“The Economy of Italy in European Debt Crisis and Its Implications”
but not
“The Economy Of Italy In European Debt Crisis And Its Implications”

(2) To make all letters in lower cases but the word that should always be capitalized?
For example, I would like
“The economy of Italy in European debt crisis and its implications”
but not
“The economy of italy in european debt crisis and its implications”


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Stefan Kottwitz
Site Admin
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Joined: Mon Mar 10, 2008 9:44 pm

Postby Stefan Kottwitz » Sat Jul 14, 2018 11:50 am

Hi jjmm,

welcome to the forum!

Some bibliography styles capitalize titles, but as far as I know they capitalize all words then. And how should that know every word you would like to except? Or if it's "Mr. And"? You capitalized "Its" but what about "it"?

I suggest, if you have exceptions to uppercasing rules and don't want to rely on some automatism, write it in the proper way and if you would like to prevent additional capitalization by a bib style (some automatically lowercase all but the very first letter), enclose the title in additional curly braces to protect it.

Stefan admin

Posts: 13
Joined: Tue Jul 12, 2016 5:23 am

Postby jjmm » Wed Jul 18, 2018 3:34 am


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