LaTeX forum ⇒ BibTeX, biblatex and biberCustomize reference style

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Adrian Gonzalez
Posts: 2
Joined: Mon Jan 15, 2018 3:58 pm

Customize reference style

Postby Adrian Gonzalez » Mon Jan 15, 2018 4:22 pm



Dear all,

I am using latex with TeXniCenter (Windows). I am trying to modify the BST. file unsrt.bst to get the reference style exactly as I need.

this is my BST so far:
ENTRY
{ address
author
booktitle
chapter
edition
editor
howpublished
institution
journal
year
key
month
note
number
organization
pages
publisher
school
series
title
type
volume
}
{}
{ label }

INTEGERS { output.state before.all mid.sentence after.sentence after.block }

FUNCTION {init.state.consts}
{ #0 'before.all :=
#1 'mid.sentence :=
#2 'after.sentence :=
#3 'after.block :=
}

STRINGS { s t }

FUNCTION {output.nonnull}
{ 's :=
output.state mid.sentence =
{ ", " * write$ }
{ output.state after.block =
{ add.period$ write$
newline$
"\newblock " write$
}
{ output.state before.all =
'write$
{ add.period$ " " * write$ }
if$
}
if$
mid.sentence 'output.state :=
}
if$
s
}

FUNCTION {output}
{ duplicate$ empty$
'pop$
'output.nonnull
if$
}

FUNCTION {output.check}
{ 't :=
duplicate$ empty$
{ pop$ "empty " t * " in " * cite$ * warning$ }
'output.nonnull
if$
}

FUNCTION {output.bibitem}
{ newline$
"\bibitem{" write$
cite$ write$
"}" write$
newline$
""
before.all 'output.state :=
}

FUNCTION {bolden}
{duplicate$ empty$
{ pop$ ""}
{ "{\bf " swap$ * "}" * }
if$
}

FUNCTION {fin.entry}
{ add.period$
write$
newline$
}

FUNCTION {new.block}
{ output.state before.all =
'skip$
{ after.block 'output.state := }
if$
}

FUNCTION {new.sentence}
{ output.state after.block =
'skip$
{ output.state before.all =
'skip$
{ after.sentence 'output.state := }
if$
}
if$
}

FUNCTION {not}
{ { #0 }
{ #1 }
if$
}

FUNCTION {and}
{ 'skip$
{ pop$ #0 }
if$
}

FUNCTION {or}
{ { pop$ #1 }
'skip$
if$
}

FUNCTION {new.block.checka}
{ empty$
'skip$
'new.block
if$
}

FUNCTION {new.block.checkb}
{ empty$
swap$ empty$
and
'skip$
'new.block
if$
}

FUNCTION {new.sentence.checka}
{ empty$
'skip$
'new.sentence
if$
}

FUNCTION {new.sentence.checkb}
{ empty$
swap$ empty$
and
'skip$
'new.sentence
if$
}

FUNCTION {field.or.null}
{ duplicate$ empty$
{ pop$ "" }
'skip$
if$
}

FUNCTION {emphasize}
{ duplicate$ empty$
{ pop$ "" }
{ "{\em " swap$ * "}" * }
if$
}

INTEGERS { nameptr namesleft numnames }

FUNCTION {format.names}
{ 's :=
#1 'nameptr :=
s num.names$ 'numnames :=
numnames 'namesleft :=
{ namesleft #0 > }
{ s nameptr "{vv~}{ll}{, ff~}{,jj}" format.name$ 't :=
nameptr #1 >
{ namesleft #1 >
{"; " * t * }
{ numnames #2 >
{ "" * }
'skip$
if$
t "others" =
{ " et~al." * }
{ "; " * t * }
if$
}
if$
}
't
if$
nameptr #1 + 'nameptr :=
namesleft #1 - 'namesleft :=
}
while$
}

FUNCTION {format.authors}
{ author empty$
{ "" }
{ author format.names }
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.editors}
{ editor empty$
{ "" }
{ editor format.names
editor num.names$ #1 >
{ ", editors" * }
{ ", editor" * }
if$
}
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.title}
{ title empty$
{ "" }
{ title "t" change.case$ }
if$
}

FUNCTION {n.dashify}
{ 't :=
""
{ t empty$ not }
{ t #1 #1 substring$ "-" =
{ t #1 #2 substring$ "--" = not
{ "--" *
t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't :=
}
{ { t #1 #1 substring$ "-" = }
{ "-" *
t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't :=
}
while$
}
if$
}
{ t #1 #1 substring$ *
t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't :=
}
if$
}
while$
}

FUNCTION {format.date}
{ year empty$
{ month empty$
{ "" }
{ "there's a month but no year in " cite$ * warning$
month
}
if$
}
{ month empty$
'year
{ month " " * year * }
if$
}
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.btitle}
{ title emphasize
}

FUNCTION {tie.or.space.connect}
{ duplicate$ text.length$ #3 <
{ "~" }
{ " " }
if$
swap$ * *
}

FUNCTION {either.or.check}
{ empty$
'pop$
{ "can't use both " swap$ * " fields in " * cite$ * warning$ }
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.bvolume}
{ volume empty$
{ "" }
{ "volume" volume tie.or.space.connect
series empty$
'skip$
{ " of " * series emphasize * }
if$
"volume and number" number either.or.check
}
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.number.series}
{ volume empty$
{ number empty$
{ series field.or.null }
{ output.state mid.sentence =
{ "number" }
{ "Number" }
if$
number tie.or.space.connect
series empty$
{ "there's a number but no series in " cite$ * warning$ }
{ " in " * series * }
if$
}
if$
}
{ "" }
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.edition}
{ edition empty$
{ "" }
{ output.state mid.sentence =
{ edition "l" change.case$ " edition" * }
{ edition "t" change.case$ " edition" * }
if$
}
if$
}

INTEGERS { multiresult }

FUNCTION {multi.page.check}
{ 't :=
#0 'multiresult :=
{ multiresult not
t empty$ not
and
}
{ t #1 #1 substring$
duplicate$ "-" =
swap$ duplicate$ "," =
swap$ "+" =
or or
{ #1 'multiresult := }
{ t #2 global.max$ substring$ 't := }
if$
}
while$
multiresult
}

FUNCTION {format.pages}
{ pages empty$
{ "" }
{ pages multi.page.check
{ "pages" pages n.dashify tie.or.space.connect }
{ "page" pages tie.or.space.connect }
if$
}
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.vol.num.pages}
{ volume field.or.null
number empty$
'skip$
{ "(" number * ")" * *
volume empty$
{ "there's a number but no volume in " cite$ * warning$ }
'skip$
if$
}
if$
pages empty$
'skip$
{ duplicate$ empty$
{ pop$ format.pages }
{ ",\," * pages n.dashify * }
if$
}
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.chapter.pages}
{ chapter empty$
'format.pages
{ type empty$
{ "chapter" }
{ type "l" change.case$ }
if$
chapter tie.or.space.connect
pages empty$
'skip$
{ ", " * format.pages * }
if$
}
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.in.ed.booktitle}
{ booktitle empty$
{ "" }
{ editor empty$
{ "In " booktitle emphasize * }
{ "In " format.editors * ", " * booktitle emphasize * }
if$
}
if$
}

FUNCTION {empty.misc.check}
{ author empty$ title empty$ howpublished empty$
month empty$ year empty$ note empty$
and and and and and
{ "all relevant fields are empty in " cite$ * warning$ }
'skip$
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.thesis.type}
{ type empty$
'skip$
{ pop$
type "t" change.case$
}
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.tr.number}
{ type empty$
{ "Technical Report" }
'type
if$
number empty$
{ "t" change.case$ }
{ number tie.or.space.connect }
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.article.crossref}
{ key empty$
{ journal empty$
{ "need key or journal for " cite$ * " to crossref " * crossref *
warning$
""
}
{ "In {\em " journal * "\/}" * }
if$
}
{ "In " key * }
if$
" \cite{" * crossref * "}" *
}

FUNCTION {format.crossref.editor}
{ editor #1 "{vv~}{ll}" format.name$
editor num.names$ duplicate$
#2 >
{ pop$ " et~al." * }
{ #2 <
'skip$
{ editor #2 "{ff }{vv }{ll}{ jj}" format.name$ "others" =
{ " et~al." * }
{ " and " * editor #2 "{vv~}{ll}" format.name$ * }
if$
}
if$
}
if$
}

FUNCTION {format.book.crossref}
{ volume empty$
{ "empty volume in " cite$ * "'s crossref of " * crossref * warning$
"In "
}
{ "Volume" volume tie.or.space.connect
" of " *
}
if$
editor empty$
editor field.or.null author field.or.null =
or
{ key empty$
{ series empty$
{ "need editor, key, or series for " cite$ * " to crossref " *
crossref * warning$
"" *
}
{ "{\em " * series * "\/}" * }
if$
}
{ key * }
if$
}
{ format.crossref.editor * }
if$
" \cite{" * crossref * "}" *
}

FUNCTION {format.incoll.inproc.crossref}
{ editor empty$
editor field.or.null author field.or.null =
or
{ key empty$
{ booktitle empty$
{ "need editor, key, or booktitle for " cite$ * " to crossref " *
crossref * warning$
""
}
{ "In {\em " booktitle * "\/}" * }
if$
}
{ "In " key * }
if$
}
{ "In " format.crossref.editor * }
if$
" \cite{" * crossref * "}" *
}

FUNCTION {article}
{ output.bibitem
format.authors "author" output.check
new.block
format.title "title" output.check
crossref missing$
{ journal emphasize "journal" output.check
format.date "year" output.check bolden
format.vol.num.pages output
}
{ format.article.crossref output.nonnull
format.pages output
}
if$
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {book}
{ output.bibitem
author empty$
{ format.editors "author and editor" output.check }
{ format.authors output.nonnull
crossref missing$
{ "author and editor" editor either.or.check }
'skip$
if$
}
if$
new.block
format.btitle "title" output.check
crossref missing$
{ format.bvolume output
new.block
format.number.series output
new.sentence
publisher "publisher" output.check
address output
}
{ new.block
format.book.crossref output.nonnull
}
if$
format.edition output
format.date "year" output.check
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {booklet}
{ output.bibitem
format.authors output
new.block
format.title "title" output.check
howpublished address new.block.checkb
howpublished output
address output
format.date output
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {inbook}
{ output.bibitem
author empty$
{ format.editors "author and editor" output.check }
{ format.authors output.nonnull
crossref missing$
{ "author and editor" editor either.or.check }
'skip$
if$
}
if$
new.block
format.btitle "title" output.check
crossref missing$
{ format.bvolume output
format.chapter.pages "chapter and pages" output.check
new.block
format.number.series output
new.sentence
publisher "publisher" output.check
address output
}
{ format.chapter.pages "chapter and pages" output.check
new.block
format.book.crossref output.nonnull
}
if$
format.edition output
format.date "year" output.check
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {incollection}
{ output.bibitem
format.authors "author" output.check
new.block
format.title "title" output.check
new.block
crossref missing$
{ format.in.ed.booktitle "booktitle" output.check
format.bvolume output
format.number.series output
format.chapter.pages output
new.sentence
publisher "publisher" output.check
address output
format.edition output
format.date "year" output.check
}
{ format.incoll.inproc.crossref output.nonnull
format.chapter.pages output
}
if$
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {inproceedings}
{ output.bibitem
format.authors "author" output.check
new.block
format.title "title" output.check
new.block
crossref missing$
{ format.in.ed.booktitle "booktitle" output.check
format.bvolume output
format.number.series output
format.pages output
address empty$
{ organization publisher new.sentence.checkb
organization output
publisher output
format.date "year" output.check
}
{ address output.nonnull
format.date "year" output.check
new.sentence
organization output
publisher output
}
if$
}
{ format.incoll.inproc.crossref output.nonnull
format.pages output
}
if$
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {conference} { inproceedings }

FUNCTION {manual}
{ output.bibitem
author empty$
{ organization empty$
'skip$
{ organization output.nonnull
address output
}
if$
}
{ format.authors output.nonnull }
if$
new.block
format.btitle "title" output.check
author empty$
{ organization empty$
{ address new.block.checka
address output
}
'skip$
if$
}
{ organization address new.block.checkb
organization output
address output
}
if$
format.edition output
format.date output
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {mastersthesis}
{ output.bibitem
format.authors "author" output.check
new.block
format.title "title" output.check
new.block
"Master's thesis" format.thesis.type output.nonnull
school "school" output.check
address output
format.date "year" output.check
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {misc}
{ output.bibitem
format.authors output
title howpublished new.block.checkb
format.title output
howpublished new.block.checka
howpublished output
format.date output
new.block
note output
fin.entry
empty.misc.check
}

FUNCTION {phdthesis}
{ output.bibitem
format.authors "author" output.check
new.block
format.btitle "title" output.check
new.block
"PhD thesis" format.thesis.type output.nonnull
school "school" output.check
address output
format.date "year" output.check
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {proceedings}
{ output.bibitem
editor empty$
{ organization output }
{ format.editors output.nonnull }
if$
new.block
format.btitle "title" output.check
format.bvolume output
format.number.series output
address empty$
{ editor empty$
{ publisher new.sentence.checka }
{ organization publisher new.sentence.checkb
organization output
}
if$
publisher output
format.date "year" output.check
}
{ address output.nonnull
format.date "year" output.check
new.sentence
editor empty$
'skip$
{ organization output }
if$
publisher output
}
if$
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {techreport}
{ output.bibitem
format.authors "author" output.check
new.block
format.title "title" output.check
new.block
format.tr.number output.nonnull
institution "institution" output.check
address output
format.date "year" output.check
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {unpublished}
{ output.bibitem
format.authors "author" output.check
new.block
format.title "title" output.check
new.block
note "note" output.check
format.date output
fin.entry
}

FUNCTION {default.type} { misc }

MACRO {jan} {"January"}

MACRO {feb} {"February"}

MACRO {mar} {"March"}

MACRO {apr} {"April"}

MACRO {may} {"May"}

MACRO {jun} {"June"}

MACRO {jul} {"July"}

MACRO {aug} {"August"}

MACRO {sep} {"September"}

MACRO {oct} {"October"}

MACRO {nov} {"November"}

MACRO {dec} {"December"}

MACRO {acmcs} {"ACM Computing Surveys"}

MACRO {acta} {"Acta Informatica"}

MACRO {cacm} {"Communications of the ACM"}

MACRO {ibmjrd} {"IBM Journal of Research and Development"}

MACRO {ibmsj} {"IBM Systems Journal"}

MACRO {ieeese} {"IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering"}

MACRO {ieeetc} {"IEEE Transactions on Computers"}

MACRO {ieeetcad}
{"IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits"}

MACRO {ipl} {"Information Processing Letters"}

MACRO {jacm} {"Journal of the ACM"}

MACRO {jcss} {"Journal of Computer and System Sciences"}

MACRO {scp} {"Science of Computer Programming"}

MACRO {sicomp} {"SIAM Journal on Computing"}

MACRO {tocs} {"ACM Transactions on Computer Systems"}

MACRO {tods} {"ACM Transactions on Database Systems"}

MACRO {tog} {"ACM Transactions on Graphics"}

MACRO {toms} {"ACM Transactions on Mathematical Software"}

MACRO {toois} {"ACM Transactions on Office Information Systems"}

MACRO {toplas} {"ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems"}

MACRO {tcs} {"Theoretical Computer Science"}

READ

STRINGS { longest.label }

INTEGERS { number.label longest.label.width }

FUNCTION {initialize.longest.label}
{ "" 'longest.label :=
#1 'number.label :=
#0 'longest.label.width :=
}

FUNCTION {longest.label.pass}
{ number.label int.to.str$ 'label :=
number.label #1 + 'number.label :=
label width$ longest.label.width >
{ label 'longest.label :=
label width$ 'longest.label.width :=
}
'skip$
if$
}

EXECUTE {initialize.longest.label}

ITERATE {longest.label.pass}

FUNCTION {begin.bib}
{ preamble$ empty$
'skip$
{ preamble$ write$ newline$ }
if$
"\begin{thebibliography}{" longest.label * "}" * write$ newline$
}

EXECUTE {begin.bib}

EXECUTE {init.state.consts}

ITERATE {call.type$}

FUNCTION {end.bib}
{ newline$
"\end{thebibliography}" write$ newline$
}

EXECUTE {end.bib}




And an example of my BibTex Database is:

@article{valle1,
author = {Valle-Orero, J. and Garden, J.-L. and Richard, J. and Wildes, A. and Peyrard, M.},
title={Glassy {B}ehaviour of {D}enatured {DNA} {F}ilms {S}tudied by {D}ifferential {S}canning {C}alorimetry.},
journal = {J. Phys. Chem. B},
year = {\textbf{2012}},
volume = {\textit{116}},
pages= {4394-4402}
}



Which gives a reference entry in the final PDF as:

Valle-Orero, J. ; Garden, J.-L. ; Richard, J. ; Wildes, A. ; Peyrard, M. . Glassy Behaviour of Denatured
DNA Films Studied by Differential Scanning Calorimetry., J. Phys. Chem. B, 2012, 116, 4394–4402.


I need to eliminate the space before the '';'' in the author listing. Eliminate the period after the last author, eliminate the comma after the title and after the journal name. So it reads:

Valle-Orero, J.; Garden, J.-L.; Richard, J.; Wildes, A.; Peyrard, M. Glassy Behaviour of Denatured
DNA Films Studied by Differential Scanning Calorimetry. J. Phys. Chem. B 2012 116, 4394–4402.

Any advice?

Thank you very much in advance.
Best Regards,
Adrian

Adrian Gonzalez
Posts: 2
Joined: Mon Jan 15, 2018 3:58 pm

Postby Adrian Gonzalez » Mon Jan 15, 2018 4:27 pm

Sorry, I forgot to put an example of the TEX document:

\documentclass[twoside,12pt]{article}

\begin{document}

blablabla \cite{valle1}

\bibliographystyle{unsrt}
\bibliography{references}
\end{document}

User avatar
Stefan Kottwitz
Site Admin
Posts: 9196
Joined: Mon Mar 10, 2008 9:44 pm

Postby Stefan Kottwitz » Mon Jan 15, 2018 9:53 pm

Hello Adrian,

welcome to the forum!

Maybe consider using biblatex. It is much more modern, there's a large amount of styles for it, and it's configurable and modifiable with LaTeX instead of BibTeX bst code.

Stefan
Site admin

mgochan
Posts: 3
Joined: Wed Mar 21, 2018 12:50 pm

Postby mgochan » Wed Mar 21, 2018 1:05 pm

Hi!

I'm having the following issue trying to get titles to show up on my references page. Here are the entries in my bib file:

@PhdThesis{Amoretti,
Author = {A. Amoretti},
Title = {{AdS/CFT and Strange Metals}},
School = {Universit\'{a} di Genova},
Year = {2015}
}

@PhdThesis{Baggioli,
Author = {M. Baggioli},
Title = {{Gravity, Holography, and Applications to Condensed Matter}},
School = {Universitat Aut\`{o}noma de Barcelona},
Year = {2016},
Month = {Oct}
}

and my bibliography style is

\bibliographystyle{apsrev}

These are showing up as

[4] A. Amoertti, PhD these, Universita di Genova (2015)
[9] M. Baggioli, PhD thesis, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona (2016)

Any ideas as to why the titles won't show up in the references page? Everything else (articles, books, etc.) works fine

User avatar
Johannes_B
Site Moderator
Posts: 3904
Joined: Thu Nov 01, 2012 4:08 pm

Postby Johannes_B » Sun Mar 25, 2018 7:42 am

Crosspost on TeX.SX

To answer the question, not showing the title for phd theses is a feature. This is meant to be, it is not a bug.

Why? I don't know.
The smart way: Calm down and take a deep breath, read posts and provided links attentively, try to understand and ask if necessary.

User avatar
Stefan Kottwitz
Site Admin
Posts: 9196
Joined: Mon Mar 10, 2008 9:44 pm

Postby Stefan Kottwitz » Mon Mar 26, 2018 7:34 pm

Hi,

both MasterThesis and PhdThesis don't have a title with that style. That's from apsrev.bst:

  1. FUNCTION {phdthesis}
  2. { output.bibitem
  3. format.authors "author" output.check
  4. author format.key output
  5. bbl.phdthesis format.thesis.type output.nonnull
  6. school "school" bibinfo.warn output
  7. address "address" bibinfo.check output
  8. format.date "year" output.check
  9. format.note output
  10. format.eprint output
  11. format.url output
  12. fin.entry
  13. }


Missing is such a line:

  1. format.title output


It could be added, or a different style chosen, such as apsrev4-1.

Crosspost on TeX.SX


Stefan
Site admin


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