## LaTeX forum ⇒ Fonts & Character Sets ⇒ Malayalam numbers

Information and discussion about fonts and character sets (e.g. how to use language specific characters)
suren
Posts: 12
Joined: Mon Mar 04, 2013 11:47 pm

### Malayalam numbers

Typesetting in Malayalam (a language of South India) is not a problem, as I am using the malayalam package. However, I cannot find a possibility to typeset the numbers in Malayalam. Does anybody have a solution.

Best regards
Suren

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suren
Posts: 12
Joined: Mon Mar 04, 2013 11:47 pm
Could someone help? Anybody has an idea?
Thank you.
Suren

cgnieder
Site Moderator
Posts: 1993
Joined: Sat Apr 16, 2011 7:27 pm
Hi Suren,

Maybe you could post a minimal working example that shows the issue. Without compilable code at hand many people (including me, I admit) often are too lazy to prepare a sample document themselves that shows what the problem is and in consequence they don't bother answering.

Regards
site moderator & package author

suren
Posts: 12
Joined: Mon Mar 04, 2013 11:47 pm
Sorry for the late reply. Finally here with concrete details. However, I am not sure if XeLaTeX is discussed here. I shall move on to that group on TUG as well.

I have, finally, managed to get Malayalam working on my Mac(Mountain Lion 10.5.8) using XeLaTeX. The issue in question is character rendering. Here are the details before I proceed.

System: Mac Mountain Lion 10.5.8
Editor: TeXShop 2.47
Engine : xelatex
Fonts used:
1. Rachana (my favourite) uses old script
2. Meera
3. AnjaliOldLipi

Problems:

• Rachana: the numerals (arabic) are NOT rendered. Only boxes appear. This includes page numbers. The punctuation marks, too, are not rendered. Only boxes appear.

• Meera and AnjaliOldLipi: numbers are rendered but ligatures are terrible.

Example:
\listfiles\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article}\usepackage[margin=1in]{geometry}\usepackage{fontspec}\defaultfontfeatures{Ligatures=TeX}	%[Mapping=tex-text]\usepackage{polyglossia}\setdefaultlanguage{malayalam}\setotherlanguage{english}\newfontfamily\malayalamfont[Script=Malayalam]{Rachana}\newfontfamily\englishfont{Times}\begin{document}\lefthyphenmin=2\righthyphenmin=2%\thispagestyle{empty}\setmainfont[Script=Malayalam]{Rachana}%\setlength{\baselineskip}{1.25\baselineskip}\addtolength{\parskip}{10pt}%\textenglish{1,2,3.}മലയാളം  ൽ ൾ ർ  3 . \end{document} \textbf{പ്രാരംഭഃ}\begin{verse}\noindent\hfill{\textenglish{0}}\end{verse}\end{document}

The workaround is cumbersome.
\textenglish{3}

The same applies to punctuation marks. if the punctuation marks are inserted using the above command, the rendering is fine.

The final problem. dashes are inserted when a word is broken at the end of the line and these dashes appear as boxes!!!

Final point: is there a possibility to generate the Malayalam numerals?
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_numerals scroll down and you will see the table with the numbers)

Best regards
Suren
Last edited by localghost on Wed Nov 13, 2013 10:06 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Reason: Source code has to be tagged as such to keep a post clear and legible (see Board Rules).

suren
Posts: 12
Joined: Mon Mar 04, 2013 11:47 pm
I shall be grateful for any help in generating Malayalam numbers in my LaTeX Documents.
The documentation is not a problem, as I can generate documents in Malayalam. However, the numbers are still not in that language

Suren

rais
Posts: 268
Joined: Sun Nov 16, 2014 8:51 pm
you could try something like

Now, you can use \malayalamnum similar to \roman or \arabic to redefine whatever \the<counter> you want, as demonstrated here with \thepage.
Since I can't read Malayalam, you best check if I assembled those numbers correctly

KR
Rainer

suren
Posts: 12
Joined: Mon Mar 04, 2013 11:47 pm
Dear Rainer,

a million thanks. I shall try that. I only need a limited set. The remaining I can try later.

Regards
Suren

SurenP
Posts: 2
Joined: Wed May 27, 2020 11:44 pm
Dear Rainer,
I am sorry for not getting back.I thought I had replied. it worked. Lost my last login details. Hence, registered new.
Now am back on Linux (Ubuntu 18.04). Not using polyglossia, but the package written by Alex.

Sample code, taken from Alex's package

File is saved with the mm extension (sample.mm) and then processed using the preprocessor mal

mal sample.mm rachana

then
latex sample.tex

\listfiles\documentclass[a4,12pt]{article}\usepackage[rachana]{malayalam}\begin{document}\noindent <m>atiprAcInakAlaMmutalkkutanne shabdan"n"aLuTEyuMbhAvahAvAdikaLuTEyuM sahAyattOTukUTi AshayaprakaTanaMnaTattAn manuSyaR paThiccukazhin~n~irunnu.manuSyasharIrattinnuLLilttanneyuLLa h.rdayaM,1</m>\end{document}`

What modifications to the code above should I do to make it work in this case. The text compiles well. The problem is only the numerals

rais
Posts: 268
Joined: Sun Nov 16, 2014 8:51 pm
Hi Suren,
I dunno...sounds to me like you've thrown away a working shovel and now you're trying to dig a hole using chop sticks
Why don't you stick (no pun intended) with xelatex? That works under Linux too, you know.

KR
Rainer

SurenP
Posts: 2
Joined: Wed May 27, 2020 11:44 pm
No Rainer,

My Mac is as good as dead. Too many problems am planning to convert it to a linux machine. But that can wait. I am using a laptop now with Ubuntu on it. I would love using polyglossia and type directly in Malayalam and process the file using Xelatex. However, I haven't got a Malayalam Keyboard. The ones I have seen are terrible. They use the new script, That is a murder of typography. One does offer a phonetic typing but it is not easy to use I would spend over ten minutes typing just a paragraph. Hence, I am using the Malayalam package (by Alex). I type in latin script, save the file as *.mm and run it through the pre-processor (mal) to generate a *.tex file, which I can process using pdflatex to get the final document. But the package does not use polyglossia and the typing is in latin script. The only thing I am missing is the malayalam number form. Hope you understand me.