There are two problems with this code. I don't want to change the global lengths defined in the preamble, since most equations are nicely displayed in my main document. But then the vertical space is too large between the equations in both environments shown above. How can I reduce it locally? Is
\\[-1em]the only options here? I feel nervous with adding a negative spacing, it's not "natural".
Secondly, the vertical spacing between the second text line and the second align environment is clearly too large (short skip not working there?). Why is that?