LaTeX forum ⇒ Math & ScienceParentheses in math mode that are both larger AND bold

Information and discussion about LaTeX's math and science related features (e.g. formulas, graphs).
Posts: 2
Joined: Mon Jan 18, 2016 10:52 am

Parentheses in math mode that are both larger AND bold

Postby Paradoxon » Mon Jan 18, 2016 11:21 am

Hello dear Latex-Community,
I have a problem with brackets and I hope you can help me out:

I need Parentheses in math mode that are bold and large. Combinations of \boldsymbol{} and \Big do not work. Here's a working example to illustrate:

  1. \documentclass{article}
  3. \usepackage{amsmath}
  5. \begin{document}
  6. Both large parenteses are the same, although one should be bold:
  7. \begin{equation}
  8. \sin \boldsymbol{\Big(}\Big( \text{...}\boldsymbol{\Big)}
  9. \end{equation}
  10. Works with normally-sized parentheses:
  11. \begin{equation}
  12. \boldsymbol{(}()\boldsymbol{)}
  13. \end{equation}
  14. \end{document}

I also tried putting the \Big before the \boldsymbol{(}, but that does not compile.

Is this a bug? If not, how do I make this work? Any solution is highly appreciated!

Thanks a lot in advance!

\pmb{\Big(} works, but is quite ugly. If possible, I would prefer a better-looking solution.;-)


User avatar
Site Moderator
Posts: 4145
Joined: Thu Nov 01, 2012 4:08 pm

Postby Johannes_B » Mon Jan 18, 2016 12:01 pm


default Computer Modern does not have a bold version for symbols. You have to choose another math font, which will obviously make you math look different. One package with support for bold symbols is newtxmath. I did not check with others.

Alternative from egreg: Add \SetSymbolFont{largesymbols}{bold}{OMX}{txex}{b}{n} to the preamble, load bm and do \bm{\Big(}.
The smart way: Calm down and take a deep breath, read posts and provided links attentively, try to understand and ask if necessary.

Posts: 2
Joined: Mon Jan 18, 2016 10:52 am

Postby Paradoxon » Tue Jan 19, 2016 2:23 pm

Many thanks to both of you!

Both solutions work very well.

Further illustration for people not so close to Latex fonts:
  • \usepackage{newtxmath} loads a different font for all math symbols.(The matching text font would be loaded with \usepackage{newtxtext}.) As the new math symbols look different, of course, one might decide to look for other fonts with math support. See e.g. for an extensive list or ... urvey.html for free fonts with more explanation. However, even if a font is listed as supporting bold math, it might not support bold large symbols.
    Font packages that worked for me: newtxmath, arev, txfonts, pxfonts, kmath
  • \SetSymbolFont{largesymbols}{bold}{OMX}{txex}{b}{n} replaces only large symbols like large parentheses with another math font.(Please correct me if I understood it wrong.)
    While this is very quick, this solution mixes 2 math fonts and might be not as pretty as changing the whole font.

After choosing one of the two solutions, \boldsymbol{\Big(} or \bm{\Big(} (with the bm package) both produce bold parentheses.

This could be marked as solved if I said nothing wrong.

Thanks again! :-)

Return to “Math & Science”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests