LaTeX forum ⇒ LyX ⇒ table goes out of the margin

Information and discussion about LyX, a WYSIWYM editor, available for Linux, Windows and Mac OS X systems.
jije
Posts: 8
Joined: Fri Mar 04, 2016 8:06 pm

table goes out of the margin

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Johannes_B
Site Moderator
Posts: 4183
Joined: Thu Nov 01, 2012 4:08 pm

Re: table goes out of the margin

The table is too big.
The smart way: Calm down and take a deep breath, read posts and provided links attentively, try to understand and ask if necessary.

Stefan Kottwitz
Posts: 9845
Joined: Mon Mar 10, 2008 9:44 pm

table goes out of the margin

Your columns are too wide, that's why the table goes into the margin. Just make them smaller.

However, there are other issues.

• there should be a (half) space between a value and a unit
• units should be written upright, not italic: m can be a variable, but 10 m are ten meters.
• relation signs should be aligned, such as in the coupling constant column
• the horizontal lines touch the exponents, vertical spacing should be wider
• double lines should be avoided
• vertical lines should not be used, horizontal lines maybe for top, header line, bottom

Hard to say how to "click" all this with LyX. Provide the LaTeX export code, and I would show how t make this in LaTeX.

Stefan

jije
Posts: 8
Joined: Fri Mar 04, 2016 8:06 pm

Re: table goes out of the margin

how to make these columns smaller?
and thank you for your help
this is my first document in lyx and I do not know how to use Latex
how to export Latex code?

Stefan Kottwitz
Posts: 9845
Joined: Mon Mar 10, 2008 9:44 pm

Re: table goes out of the margin

There's an "Export to pdfLaTeX" or "Export to LaTeX" item in the first / left top menu of LyX.

Stefan

jije
Posts: 8
Joined: Fri Mar 04, 2016 8:06 pm

table goes out of the margin

%% LyX 2.1.4 created this file.  For more info, see http://www.lyx.org/.
%% Do not edit unless you really know what you are doing.
\documentclass[english]{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{luainputenc}
\usepackage{array}
\usepackage{float}
\usepackage{amssymb}

\makeatletter

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% LyX specific LaTeX commands.
%% Because html converters don't know tabularnewline
\providecommand{\tabularnewline}{\\}

\makeatother

\usepackage{babel}
\begin{document}
\begin{table}[H]
\begin{centering}
\begin{tabular}{|>{\centering}p{0.19\textwidth}|>{\centering}p{0.12\textwidth}|>{\centering}p{0.13\textwidth}|c|c|c|}
\hline
Force & Range & Coupling constant & Acts on & Mediator & Theory\tabularnewline
\hline
\hline
Gravity & $\infty$ & $\alpha_{g}\thickapprox10^{-39}$ & All particles & Graviton\footnote{} & Geometrodyanics\tabularnewline
\hline
Weak nuclear  & $<10^{-18}$\ m & $\alpha_{w}\thickapprox10^{-6}$ & Leptons, hadrons & $W^{\pm},Z$ & Flavordyanics\tabularnewline
\hline
Electromagnetism & $\infty$ & $\alpha\thickapprox\frac{1}{137}$ & All charged particles & Photon & Electrodynamics\tabularnewline
\hline
Strong nuclear  & $\thickapprox10^{-15}$ \ m & $\alpha_{g}\thickapprox1$ & Hadrons & Gluon & Chromodynamics\tabularnewline
\hline
\end{tabular}
\par\end{centering}

\begin{raggedright}
\begin{minipage}[t]{1\columnwidth}%
$^{1}$only hypothesized, not discovered %
\end{minipage}
\par\end{raggedright}

\raggedright{}\caption{Properties of the four fundamental forces\cite{key-3}}
\end{table}

\end{document}
Last edited by Stefan Kottwitz on Tue Mar 29, 2016 12:11 am, edited 1 time in total.

Stefan Kottwitz
Posts: 9845
Joined: Mon Mar 10, 2008 9:44 pm

table goes out of the margin

A quick shot how I would modify it in LaTeX, to show what I mean with the lines - there are other things that could be improved (I just have to leave for today):

\documentclass[english]{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{luainputenc}
\usepackage{array}
\usepackage{amssymb}

\makeatletter

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% LyX specific LaTeX commands.
%% Because html converters don't know tabularnewline
\providecommand{\tabularnewline}{\\}

\makeatother

\usepackage{babel}
\begin{document}
\begin{table}[!htbp]
{\centering
\renewcommand{\arraystretch}{1.8}
\begin{tabularx}{\textwidth}{@{}p{4em}c>{\centering}p{6em}Xc>{\raggedleft}p{5em}@{}}
\toprule
Force & Range & Coupling constant & Acts on & Mediator & Theory\tabularnewline
\midrule
Gravity & $\infty$ & $\alpha_{g}\thickapprox10^{-39}$ & All\newline particles & Graviton\footnote{} & Geometro\-dyanics\tabularnewline
Weak nuclear  & $<10^{-18}$\ m & $\alpha_{w}\thickapprox10^{-6}$ & Leptons, hadrons & $W^{\pm},Z$ & Flavor\-dyanics\tabularnewline
Electro\-magnetism & $\infty$ & $\alpha\thickapprox\frac{1}{137}$ & All charged particles & Photon & Electro\-dynamics\tabularnewline
Strong nuclear  & $\thickapprox10^{-15}$ \ m & $\alpha_{g}\thickapprox1$ & Hadrons & Gluon & Chromo\-dynamics\tabularnewline
\bottomrule
\end{tabularx}
\par\smallskip}
\raggedright
\begin{minipage}[t]{1\columnwidth}%
$^{1}$only hypothesized, not discovered %
\end{minipage}
\par
\caption{Properties of the four fundamental forces\cite{key-3}}
\end{table}
\end{document}

table.png (34.39 KiB) Viewed 15496 times

Stefan

scottkosty
Site Moderator
Posts: 542
Joined: Sat Sep 01, 2012 6:38 am

Re: table goes out of the margin

Cross-posted at http://tex.stackexchange.com/questions/ ... age-margin. Please read the following for why it is important to note your other posts: http://latex-community.org/home/latex-c ... crossposts